What is PESA?

PESA (Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration) is a fertility treatment that is used to extract sperm directly from the epididymis, a tube located on the back of the testicle. It is a procedure that is typically used for men who have a condition known as obstructive azoospermia, which is a condition where there is no sperm in the semen due to a blockage in the reproductive tract.

PESA is a minimally invasive procedure that is typically performed under local anaesthesia. During the procedure, a small needle is inserted into the epididymis to extract a small amount of fluid. The fluid is then examined under a microscope to locate and retrieve sperm. The sperm is then used in in-vitro fertilization (IVF) or intrauterine insemination (IUI) to fertilize an egg and create an embryo.

PESA is a highly effective treatment option for men with obstructive azoospermia. Up to 70% of men who undergo PESA can produce sperm that can be used for IVF or IUI. It also has a high success rate, with many couples going on to have successful pregnancies after undergoing PESA.

If you are a man with obstructive azoospermia, PESA may be a viable treatment option for you. It is important to consult with a fertility specialist to determine if PESA is the right treatment for you and to understand the potential risks and benefits of the procedure.