What is the procedure of IVF?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex process that involves multiple steps. Here’s an overview of the general process of IVF:

Initial Consultation: The first step in the IVF process is to schedule an initial consultation with a fertility specialist. During this appointment, the specialist will review your medical history, perform a physical exam, and discuss any potential issues that may be affecting your fertility. They may also order diagnostic tests, such as bloodwork, ultrasounds, or a semen analysis, to help determine the best course of treatment.

Ovarian Stimulation: Before undergoing IVF, you may need to take fertility drugs to stimulate ovulation. These drugs can help increase the number of eggs that are released during ovulation, increasing the chances of fertilization. The exact protocol and dosage of these drugs will depend on your individual situation and will be determined by your fertility specialist.

Egg Retrieval: Once the follicles have reached the appropriate size, a minor surgical procedure is performed to retrieve the eggs. This procedure is typically done under sedation and involves using a needle to remove the eggs from the follicles.

Fertilization: Once the eggs have been retrieved, they are combined with sperm in a laboratory dish to create embryos. Depending on your specific situation, the sperm may come from your partner or a donor. The embryos are then cultured in the lab for a few days to allow them to develop.

Embryo Transfer: After the embryos have developed, they are transferred to the uterus. This procedure is typically done using a small catheter that is inserted through the cervix. The number of embryos transferred will depend on your individual situation and will be determined by your fertility specialist. Any additional embryos can be frozen and stored for future use.

Post-Procedure Care: After the embryo transfer, you may be advised to rest for a short period of time before resuming normal activities. You may also be prescribed progesterone supplements to help support the early stages of pregnancy. Your fertility specialist will give you specific instructions on post-procedure care, which may include avoiding certain activities, taking medications, and scheduling a follow-up appointment.