Why is IVF performed?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a type of assisted reproductive technology that is used to help individuals or couples who are experiencing infertility or have other medical conditions that make natural conception difficult or impossible. Here are some of the reasons why IVF may be performed:

Infertility: IVF may be recommended for couples who have been trying to conceive for a long time without success. Infertility can be caused by a variety of factors, such as ovulation problems, low sperm count or motility, blocked fallopian tubes, or endometriosis.

Genetic disorders: If one or both partners have a genetic disorder that could be passed on to their child, IVF may be used in conjunction with preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) to screen embryos for the disorder before they are implanted in the uterus.

Fertility preservation: In certain medical situations, such as cancer treatment, radiation therapy, or surgery, it may be necessary to remove or damage the reproductive organs. IVF can be used to extract and preserve eggs or embryos for later use when the individual is ready to conceive.

Unexplained infertility: In some cases, despite thorough evaluation, no clear cause of infertility can be identified. IVF can be used to bypass any undetected barriers to natural conception.